TROUBLE, ,

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TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES
Article Text
1984 BMW 318i
For Electronics & Computers El Camino Real Santa Clara CA 95051
Copyright © 1997 Mitchell International
Friday, November 27, 1998 11:25AM
ARTICLE BEGINNING
GENERAL TROUBLE SHOOTING
AIR CONDITIONING TROUBLE SHOOTING
WARNING: This is GENERAL information. This article is not intended
to be specific to any unique situation or individual vehicle
configuration. The purpose of this Trouble Shooting
information is to provide a list of common causes to
problem symptoms. For model-specific Trouble Shooting,
refer to SUBJECT, DIAGNOSTIC, or TESTING articles available
in the section(s) you are accessing.
BASIC AIR CONDITIONING TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
CONDITION POSSIBLE CAUSE
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Compressor Not Working
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Compressor clutch circuit open.
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Compressor clutch coil inoperative.
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Poor clutch ground connection.
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Fan belts loose.
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Thermostatic switch inoperative.
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Thermostatic switch not adjusted.
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Ambient temperature switch open.
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Superheat fuse blown.
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Excessive Noise or Vibration
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Missing or loose mounting bolts.
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Bad idler pulley bearings.
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Fan belts not tightened correctly.
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Compressor clutch contacting body.
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Excessive system pressure.
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Compressor oil level low.
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Damaged clutch bearings.
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Damaged reed valves.
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Damaged compressor.
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Insufficient or No Cooling;
Compressor Working
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Expansion valve inoperative.
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Heater control valve stuck open.
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Low system pressure.
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Blocked condenser fins.
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Blocked evaporator fins.
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Vacuum system leak.
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Vacuum motors inoperative.
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Control cables improperly adjusted.
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Restricted air inlet.
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Mode doors binding.
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Blower motor inoperative.
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Temperature above system capacity.
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
 TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES
Article Text (p. 2)
1984 BMW 318i
For Electronics & Computers El Camino Real Santa Clara CA 95051
Copyright © 1997 Mitchell International
Friday, November 27, 1998 11:25AM
BRAKE SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING
WARNING: This is GENERAL information. This article is not intended
to be specific to any unique situation or individual vehicle
configuration. The purpose of this Trouble Shooting
information is to provide a list of common causes to
problem symptoms. For model-specific Trouble Shooting,
refer to SUBJECT, DIAGNOSTIC, or TESTING articles available
in the section(s) you are accessing.
BRAKE SYSTEM TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
CONDITION POSSIBLE CAUSE CORRECTION
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Brakes Pull Left
or Right Incorrect tire pressure Inflate tires to proper
pressure
Front end out of alignment See WHEEL ALIGNMENT
Mismatched tires Check tires sizes
Restricted brake lines
or hoses Check hose routing
Loose or malfunctioning
caliper See DISC BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Bent shoe or oily linings See DRUM BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Malfunctioning rear brakes See DRUM, DISC BRAKES
or BRAKE SYSTEM
Loose suspension parts See SUSPENSION
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Noises Without
Brakes Applied Front linings worn out Replace linings
Dust or oil on drums See DRUM, DISC BRAKES
or rotors or BRAKE SYSTEM
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Noises With
Brakes Applied Insulator on outboard See DISC BRAKES or
shoe damaged BRAKE SYSTEM
Incorrect pads or linings Replace pads or linings
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Brake Rough, Chatters
or Pulsates Excessive lateral runout Check rotor runout
 TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES
Article Text (p. 3)
1984 BMW 318i
For Electronics & Computers El Camino Real Santa Clara CA 95051
Copyright © 1997 Mitchell International
Friday, November 27, 1998 11:25AM
Parallelism not to
specifications Reface or replace rotor
Wheel bearings not adjusted See SUSPENSION
Rear drums out-of-round Reface or replace drums
Disc pad reversed, steel
against rotor Remove and reinstall
pad
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Excessive Pedal
Effort Malfunctioning power unit See POWER BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Partial system failure Check fluid and pipes
Worn disc pad or lining Replace pad or lining
Caliper piston stuck or
sluggish See DISC BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Master cylinder piston
stuck See MASTER CYLINDERS
or BRAKE SYSTEM
Brake fade due to incorrect
pads for linings Replace pads or linings
Linings or pads glazed Replace pads or linings
Worn drums Reface or replace drums
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Excessive Pedal
Travel Partial brake system failure Check fluid and pipes
Insufficient fluid in
master cylinder See MASTER CYLINDERS or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Air trapped in system See BRAKE BLEEDING or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Rear brakes not adjusted See Adjustments in DRUM
BRAKES or BRAKE SYSTEM
Bent shoe or lining See DRUM BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Plugged master cylinder cap See MASTER CYLINDERS
or BRAKE SYSTEM
 TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES
Article Text (p. 4)
1984 BMW 318i
For Electronics & Computers El Camino Real Santa Clara CA 95051
Copyright © 1997 Mitchell International
Friday, November 27, 1998 11:25AM
Improper brake fluid Replace brake fluid
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Pedal Travel
Decreasing Compensating port plugged See MASTER CYLINDERS
or BRAKE SYSTEM
Swollen cup in master
cylinder See MASTER CYLINDERS
or BRAKE SYSTEM
Master cylinder piston
not returning See MASTER CYLINDERS
or BRAKE SYSTEM
Weak shoe retracting springs See DRUM BRAKES
BRAKE SYSTEM
Wheel cylinder piston
sticking See DRUM BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Dragging
Brakes Master cylinder pistons
not returning See MASTER CYLINDERS
BRAKE SYSTEM
Restricted brake lines
or hoses Check line routing
Incorrect parking brake
adjustment See DRUM BRAKES
BRAKE SYSTEM
Parking Brake cables frozen See DRUM BRAKES
BRAKE SYSTEM
Incorrect installation of
inboard disc pad Remove and replace
correctly
Power booster output
rod too long See POWER BRAKE UNITS
BRAKE SYSTEM
Brake pedal not returning See DISC, DRUM BRAKES
freely BRAKE SYSTEM
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Brakes Grab or
Uneven Braking
Action Malfunction of combination See CONTROL VALVE or
valve BRAKE SYSTEM
Malfunction of power brake See POWER BRAKE UNITS
unit or BRAKE SYSTEM
Binding brake pedal See DISC, DRUM BRAKES
or BRAKE SYSTEM
 TROUBLE SHOOTING - BASIC PROCEDURES
Article Text (p. 5)
1984 BMW 318i
For Electronics & Computers El Camino Real Santa Clara CA 95051
Copyright © 1997 Mitchell International
Friday, November 27, 1998 11:25AM
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Pulsation or
Roughness Uneven pad wear caused by See DISC BRAKES or
caliper BRAKE SYSTEM
Uneven rotor wear See DISC BRAKES or
BRAKE SYSTEM
Drums out-of-round Reface or replace drums
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
CARBURETOR TROUBLE SHOOTING:
READ THIS FIRST:
WARNING: This is GENERAL information. This article is not intended
to be specific to any unique situation or individual vehicle
configuration. The purpose of this Trouble Shooting
information is to provide a list of common causes to
problem symptoms. For model-specific Trouble Shooting,
refer to SUBJECT, DIAGNOSTIC, or TESTING articles available
in the section(s) you are accessing.
COLD START SYMPTOMS
BASIC COLD START SYMPTOMS TROUBLE SHOOTING CHART
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
CONDITION POSSIBLE CAUSE CORRECTION
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Engine Won't Choke not closing Check choke
Start operation, see
FUEL SYSTEMS
Choke linkage bent Check linkage, see
FUEL SYSTEM
™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™™
Engine Starts, Choke vacuum kick setting Check setting and
Then Dies too wide adjust see, FUEL
SYSTEMS
Fast idle RPM too low Reset RPM to specif-
ication, see TUNE-UP
Fast idle cam index Reset fast idle cam
incorrect index, see FUEL
SYSTEMS
Vacuum leak Inspect vacuum
system for leaks
Low fuel pump outlet Repair or replace
pump, see FUEL
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